The Deserving vs. Undeserving

             The Deserving versus Undeserving in the 21st Century

 Based on my personal observation and conversations over the past 7-8 years, the population of Columbia’s street poor consists of few undeserving. Most street poor have multiple reasons for being on the street. Here is what I have seen of this mostly male group:

1.        Few veterans—because of societal efforts to care for these “deserving citizens.”  Less than 10 percent.

2.       Lots of alcohol and drug users—I don’t know which is the cause and which is the effect but propose discouraging all alcohol and drug use. Probably more than half.

3.       Mental disabilities—at least than one-third, probably more

4.       Stigma of criminal justice system—probably more than I would guess, at least one quarter.

5.       Family disruptions—marital problems, disputed child support, kids kicked out, at least one-quarter.  Several fathers and mothers have been rejected by their children.

6.       Physical disabilities—job injuries and accidents. A quarter.

7.       Spotty work records—older folks without social security or pensions because of prison, “working off the books,” and being screwed over by an employer.

8.       The working poor— probably just a few of the “truly homeless” but many of Columbia’s poverty population.

9.       Marginal intelligence—just not smart, unlikely to be hired. 10 percent.

10.   Social misfits—some people probably have never fit into schools, churches, or their communities.  Perhaps they are lazy, more likely they are “loners.”  They just miss the bus, forget to turn in the forms, and can’t follow directions.  10- 20 percent.

From time-to-time, I have been asked “are those people deserving of our help?”  I think about this when I am walking around town and eating at the University Club. Here is what I think.

      In a just society, comprised of small communities, we each would get what we deserve. Generally, if we did not work, we would not eat. In the olden days, family members and community members had to “pull their own weight.”  But even in that ideal, simple world most citizens would agree to assist those who, thru no fault of their own, could not provide for themselves. We would care for the young, and the old, the mentally feeble and the physically lame. America’s Great Depression (of the 1930) s complicated that idyllic social system. Macroeconomic failure challenged the foundation of “earning what you deserve” and mass migration overloaded communities’ capacity “to take care of their own.”

                By the 21st century, rapid economic change, often governmentally funded and induced, can cause “undeserved” job loss; damaging bad personal decisions can result in drug and alcohol addictions, and large cities and suburbs do not have the capability of communities to identify, let alone, to take care of their own.”

                Consequently, distinguishing between the deserving and undeserving has become difficult if not impossible. Despite America’s superior wealth relative to other countries of the world, we are less likely to see citizens as deserving of societal assistance. America’s racial heterogeneity, and our history of racial tensions, makes public discussions and decisions about the deserving and undeserving more difficult.

                Societal “assistance” is a wide category of government programs, community resources, and social practices. We don’t call “executive severance packages” social assistance but we should.

                In 1971, A THEORY OF JUSTICE by John Rawls, developed the notion of a “veil of ignorance” as a mechanism for dissecting thorny ethical issues. Simply put, a “just solution” would be the one selected if all decision makes were behind a “veil of ignorance” such that they did not know their “original position,” e.g. gender, race, age, occupation, height, etc.  In such a just society, designed behind a veil of ignorance, there would not be racial nor religious discrimination. There would not be gender pay discrimination, but there may be gender role differentiation based on child rearing. It is likely there would be a good deal of parental leave and support for young children.  A just society would have to figure out what position it wants to take on family issues and single motherhood.

                In that light, my hunch is that we would be spending a lot more time talking about the “undeserving rich” than we now talk about the “undeserving poor.”  In 2017, our president and a majority of our Senate, have accumulated much more wealth that they have earned.  They “deserve” it because of family inheritance or tax advantages. College admissions are increasingly related more to family wealth and connections than individual merit. A just society would alter these current social practices.

                A just society would care for the elderly, as America has done rather satisfactorily over the past 50 years, and it would eliminate racial differences in economic opportunity. A just society would provide for foster children and orphans.

                A just society would most likely provide at least transitory support for the technologically displaced (due to government policies)  farm hand, coal miner, and black smith. (Maybe this is basis for larger executive severance packages.)

                Drug addictions and criminal records are challenging personal situations to think through. Certainly, a just society would invest in drug treatment and prisoner rehabilitation.  Often a social expenditure today will reap a high rate of return.

So who of Columbia’s street people are undeserving?  I suppose it is mostly a question of duration and number of chances society is willing to provide. Alcohol and drug addicts will be an increasing portion of our society, and probably the easiest to assist, but society’s patience is not unlimited.

Family disruptions deserve more public discussion. Many homeless men can tell you their horror stories with child support enforcement. Likewise, the plight of aging parents do not receive media attention.

The criminal justice system imposes a heavy burden on ex-convicts who have served their time. I’ve seen several well-intentioned guys who just can’t get a break in getting a job.

I suppose the least deserving are the 10 percent who are just plain old tired and worn out from being bounced around society. Their work history is probably spotty, their skills declining.  If we are lucky, “through no fault of our own,” we have a pension, social security, a supportive family, maybe an inheritance, to see us through. Otherwise, life can be tough.


Are we a democracy or a republic?

            A perennial question from students, citizens, and politicians is “are we a democracy or a republic?” Usually the questioner is hoping to hear “democracy” if they currently identify as a Democrat or a “republic” if they identify as a Republican.  That’s wishful thinking.

Robert Dahl on pp 16-17 of ON DEMOCRACY blames James Madison for causing this confusion. Dahl writes “the plain fact is that the words democracy and republic did not (despite Madison) designate differences in types of popular government. What they reflected, at a cost of later confusion, was a difference between Greek and Latin, the languages from which they come.”

                In Federalist #10, Madison distinguishes between “a pure democracy, by which I mean a society consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person” and a “republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place.”  In the U.S, we have features of each. Compare, for example, citizens voting on tax and bond issues with a life-long tenure of judges nominated by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate.

                In modern parlance, it would be clearer to use “participatory democracy” and “representative democracy” and get on with promoting “rule by the people” or Lincoln’s “a government of the people, by the people, and for the people” rather than fish for a rhetorical advantage.

MIND WITHOUT FEAR and Committing Verse to Memory  

James Bishop Jr.’s EPITAPH FOR A DESERT ANARCHIST: The Life and Legacy of Edward Abbey (1994), describes Abbey’s early years spent in eclectic primary school and family education involved in the literature of the day and nature exploration of the surrounding environs. Together, they developed Edward Abbey’s appreciation for nature and natural writing he demonstrates in THE DESERT SOLITARE earning the informal title of the “Thoreau of the West.”

One of Abby’s lifelong treasure was a portion of Walt Whitman’s LEAVES OF GRASS that Edward learned from his father and could recite by memory:

“This is what you shall do:  Love the earth and sun and the animals, despise riches, give alms to everyone that asks, stand up for the stupid and crazy, devote your income and labor to others, hate tyrants, argue not concerning God, have patience and indulgence toward the people, take off your hat to nothing known or unknown or to any man or number of men, go freely with powerful uneducated persons and with the young and with the mothers of families, read these leaves in the open air every season of every year of your life, re-examine all you have been told at school or church or in any book, dismiss whatever insults your own soul.”


This got be thinking what can people, including me, recite by memory today? More importantly, do we even try to select a prize poem or verse and raise it to the esteem the warrants committing it to memory?  I suppose the availability of pop music reduced the glamor of classic verse and the internet made memorization not essential.

As late as the 1980s students in Indiana were expected to commit verses of James Whitcome Riley “The frost is on the pumpkin” to memory. I know of no similar requirement similar for Missouri students in 2017.

As for me, I can recite the Eight Beatitudes from my early Catholic education and I can recall short small passages from several presidential speeches or writings such as those affixed to the Jefferson and Lincoln Memorials. However, I don’t have a repertoire of verse appropriate for any occasion.

The closest I have to a memorized verse that I carry with me in my head for inspiration and reassurance is Rabindra Tagore’s GITIANJI that I discovered in Jawaharla Nehru’s GLIMPSES OF WORLD HISTORY while teaching in South Korea in 2009.

Mind Without Fear

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
By narrow domestic walls;
Where words come out from the depth of truth;
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit;
Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.

The Soup Kitchen and the Rain

                (this is one person’s story that I wrote as a monologue in  April 2016)

Setting: a monologue by a 40ish year old woman, although gender could be easily changed, who walks out to center stage carrying a two-inch thick notebook. She sits on a bar stool, getting up and strolling around several times.


 I currently volunteer as a doorkeeper at a local soup kitchen once a week. My job is to welcome the guests coming for dinner, to turn away people who have been banned, and to discourage any problems in the parking lot.  I’ve been volunteering at homeless shelters, women centers, and foster homes since I was in graduate school about 12 years ago. I’m now a sociology professor. I like college kids and publishing stuff but when I serve the homeless and the needy is when I feel most alive—like I am doing what I am supposed to be doing—what we ALL are supposed to be doing.

 I remember when I first committed myself to serving the poor. Back in grad school I was looking for a master thesis’ topic. My advisor wanted me to expand a paper I had written on a critique of behaviorism in social science but I wanted to write “a postmodern critique of TV crime shows” because I had watched a lot of LAW AND ORDER, CSI and BONES.  He wasn’t going for that so I was kind of stuck for a topic.  

After one of our frustrating meetings I was walking down High Street when a homeless woman asked me for spare change. I looked at her but declined and walked on. After I few minutes I thought “I should have given her a dollar.” For some reason, I turned around and went back and asked “you want to get a sandwich with me?” She said “Sure, I haven’t eaten today.” We walked a few steps and went in a local sub shop. I told her she could get any sandwich she wanted but that I usually ordered a turkey on wheat. She said “I’ll get that too.” I asked if she wanted anything to drink and she asked “what do you drink?” I told I just got water and she said “I’ll have that, too.”  We never exchanged names but I have taken to calling her Tina.

 We sat inside and talked about the day. I asked where she was from, what she will do if it rains, and if she goes to the women’s shelter. She answered all my questions in a few sentences. After a while I noticed a local newspaper laying on the chair next to mine and the headlines read “Council to Ban Panhandling.” I acted like the paper was mine, folded it and took it with us when we left. We exchanged “have a nice day” and went our separate ways. I went straight to the campus library, sat down, and read the article on the proposed ordinance. It must have mentioned the words “criminalizing the homeless.” I immediately did an internet search and found thousands of articles on local regulations in other cities prohibiting soup kitchens, replacing street benches with ones that had a divider, and closing parks to eliminate places where homeless gather. Right then and there I decided “yes, that’s it. I will do my MA thesis on “criminalization of the homeless.”

As part of my research, I volunteered at a shelter and I have continued serving the poor wherever my academic career took me. Here is my Master’s thesis—about criminalization of the homeless.  I remember that sunny day talking with that women in the sub shop back in graduate school when I decided it was okay to study poverty but only if I really tried to understand it. Here, look, I included Tina in the acknowledgements. (shows a few pages in her thesis).

 For some reason, I never talk about it with my colleagues and only mentioned serving the poor a few times in my classes. I give lectures on the causes of poverty, the deserving versus the undeserving poor, work disincentives, drug addiction—all that stuff. Students don’t understand. I doubt most of my colleagues understand.  

 The last few years I’ve worked at soup kitchen. After a few months I knew most of the guys and women who come regularly. I always smile and hold the door for them, call them by name. Usually they return the courtesy. Some know my name, some call me ma’am, only a few ever say “good evening, honey” or “how’s your day, babe?”  Occasionally, at least two-three times a night, I will have a longer conversation with one of them. Maybe it will be about a broken leg, or how to find a sleeping room, or about getting the bus across down.

(A slight pause. Tone because more personal, and then more intense, growing to anger).

  I’ll tell you about one night a few months ago that I can’t forget. Maybe I don’t want to forget it. You know how every organization has to have rules? The soup kitchen has rules about opening and closing time, not allowing in people who have been banned—things like that.

 It was a rainy late afternoon, not that cold but a spring storm was blowing in and the temperature was dropping rapidly—maybe 70 degrees when we started but probably under 50 at closing time.

We are supposed to open the doors at 4:45 but by 4:15 at least 20 guys were huddled near the door, under the small overhang but they were getting drenched anyway. I let them in early and told them there couldn’t be any trouble and that it was 45 minutes until dinner would be served. I just prayed everything would be cool. I kept one eye on the door, one eye on the dining area—and tried to stay calm and peaceful.

 Right at 5:00 when the serving line just started moving, a young woman Megan shows up at the door. I knew Megan was banned—she had a habit of creating a disturbance almost everywhere she has been. Sometimes it is about borrowing a cellphone, or bumming cigarettes or sometimes about what sounds like lining up a drug deal.  You could tell she was once a pretty girl but now her hair was matted, her teeth were black, she was dirty—and tonight she was soaking wet. I opened the door and she said that the director said she could eat there. I knew that was not true. I said “Megan, give me a couple minutes.” I walked a lap around the dining area so I could think and went back and said “Megan, you can come in, but absolutely no trouble. I will keep an eye on you” My stomach became more tense, I squeezed my fists and thought “Oh, Megan, I want this to work so badly—please just sit down and eat your dinner.”  I know that by now, Megan doesn’t even remember how to just sit down and just eat her dinner.

(stands next to the stool)

Several times, I left the door area—which I am not really supposed to do—to watch the dining  area, there were lots of conversations, some guys were trying to dry off their packs, a few had small towels, some were wringing out their shirts over a trash can. I appreciated hearing laughing and thought it was good for about 100 homeless folks, street people we used to call them, to gather together. Because of the rain, of course, more people came for dinner, and they stayed longer. The place was packed. There were several outburst—two that seemed rather serious. I sat down next to one of the arguments—it seemed to be about using the new synthetic drug—between a man and a woman. The woman told me several times rather nicely “don’t worry about us. He knows he is wrong, he won’t do nothing.”  I put my trust in her. After a while it cooled down and peace reappeared.

 At closing time, it was pouring. I had found a few plastic bags that I handed out when they were leaving but they were too small and too few. Several groups got into cars, some duos and trios were bunched under umbrellas, most were now walking with soaking feet. It would be a cold night.  I felt mad and frustrated that there was nothing more I could do. My fists and stomach were tight.  So many people volunteer, try to serve the poor, but it is hard to see men and women wet and cold.

 Megan and about six guys were bunched near the door. After a few minutes some bickering sprang up—I swear you never know why or where this will happen. I opened the door and said in my school teacher voice “Hey, it’s fine to hang around here because of the rain but there can be no trouble.”  I know I was pleading.

To my surprise Megan replied, “She is right, she is a good woman, she deserves our respect.”  I mouthed “Oh, thank you, thank you.”  I almost collapsed in relief.

A few minutes later, they dispersed.  I checked the bathrooms, the back hallway, turned out the lights, locked the door, and got in my car. I realized I was dry from the rain. I thought about breaking the rules for Megan. I cried. I could feel my face and my neck and shoulders relax.  I was beat.   I knew I would be back next week.

(She gathers her notebook from the stool and exits).

Guitar Lessons Lessons: My Pedagogy

(I wrote this February 22, 2011. I am taking guitar lessons again and hope that “student feeling” doesn’t come rushing back.)

As I slid into the student desk at the Continuing Education Center for the first guitar class of the semester that ole student feeling nearly came rushing back. It could have been 10th grade Spanish, college calculus, or graduate-level econometrics.   Good god, I hated those classes. I could have felt the same sweatiness, the same tight throat, the same prickliness in my chest, the same self-consciousness, the same desire to be elsewhere—but I didn’t, although I came close enough to remember that Spanish teacher and Professor Tayman.  I do recall the positive excitement of new classes but have also felt the dread of tyrannical teachers, academic anxiety, and pupil paralysis. Formal education is so often a roll of the dice.

I am a 59 year-old political science professor taking guitar classes for fun, self-improvement, and increased music understanding.  Some would call it “music appreciation” but I very much appreciate music already. I’ve attended classic operas and symphonies and have explored ragtime and drum circles.  I have several strengths and talents—playing music, however, is not among them. I once played a dulcimer and learned a baby version of “It’s a Small World” on a keyboard back in the early ‘80s. In grade school, a teacher told me that I didn’t have to sing as loud as the other kids. Even so, music has fascinated me because of its many contrasts–it can be so simple yet so complex, it can be one person humming or a huge chorus, it can be so comforting or so alarming.  I’ve learned about octaves, and the chromatic scale, at least a dozen times but understand music about as well as I understand electrons and neutrons or why Pluto is no longer considered a planet.  I can wander around with the jargon but I want to feel how music really works.

I’ve wanted to seriously play around with a guitar ever since hearing Bob Dylan and the Beatles back in 1964.  I thought a little guitar exposure will allow me to better understand how they, Joan Baez, and Bruce Springsteen have all reached in and grabbed my heart at one time or another. I thought maybe I could feel what happens when the right notes are played or a piece sounds whole and complete.

The guitar instructor is 24 years old, but that probably matters more to him than to me. He acts like most teachers, and professors. They tend to have a cold detachment, a singular focus “on the material” so that they don’t have to fully acknowledge students’ interest and needs.  Some of this acquired detachment is protective; some of it is just due the uncertainty of trying to make one’s personal knowledge comprehensible. Outside of class I would like him, but now, if we needed to take the fire escape, I will make sure he is the last one out. He, however, is nothing like Professor Tayman who I had back in the fall of 1973, my first semester in graduate school.  After his being late for office hours, Tayman offered me a chair, squeezed in between his overly full bookcase and the trash basket, and said “tell me about your paper” without saying “hello.”  He sat down at his desk and immediately began to read his mail as I started to stumble around my research project examining externalities in public education. I paused, waiting for his attention. He looked up and said “proceed.” As his eyes returned to his mail, I thought “fuck you.”  I would still want to run him over if I were to see him in the crosswalk.

Our instructor told us he first picked up the guitar when he was 11, majored in music, played in his college jazz band, and now performs at least once a week around the state. He teaches this class and gives lessons at a local music store, but I doubt he thinks of himself as a music teacher. He is a guitar player. He remembers coming home from middle school to spend several hours imitating songs from MTV and CDs; I remember coming home to write my Congressman for a copy of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 at about the same age. He probably carried his electric guitar to school even when he didn’t have practice that day, just like I carried the Congressional Record to school needlessly.  Often teachers end up exclusively pursuing a subject they became interested in, and good at, in their youth.  While we may acquire a lot of specialized knowledge, our interests are rather narrow.

No class, regardless of the teacher or the students, is really a “new” class.  We teach how we have been taught. We learned to be students long ago. We cultivate the student feeling over a lifetime of trials and errors, aspirations and frustrations, dreams and failures.  Quietly observing my students over the years, I sense that the student feeling is almost always there.  Presumably if we go to college we can cope with it. We learn how to check it, to keep it right below the surface. It might resurface while waiting in line at the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, or applying for an auto loan at the bank, or trying to figure pension benefits at the human relations office but it is classrooms and teachers that are most likely to ignite it. Adult classes, even guitar lessons just for fun, threaten to bring the student feeling back, too.

In the eight week adult class I increased my understanding of music and enjoyed the progress I made. I also quietly watched how people learn and realized I would hate the class, the instructor, and the guitar, if it were Spanish, calculus, or econometrics. Please, I pray, I hope students in my  political science classes I’ve taught for 28 years—where and I try to do a “good job” –don’t think of me this way. Some do, I imagine.

There were four other men about my age and two 40ish women in the class. The students indicate a wide range of ability and interest but I bet three students were at my ability level, one is a little better, and two might be advanced students. One of the seemingly advanced students, about my age, always was a few minutes late, wore loud pants and a bizarre shirt, and spent the class time echoing back, with a little extra zest, whatever the instructor played. He and the instructor both like Led Zeppelin, especially Jimmy Page, who I had not heard of but now know is the founder of the band and one of the top ten guitarist of all time. Another man in the class, the one who asked thoughtful questions and seemed to practice the most, wanted to improve so he could play at his church. He told the instructor “make sure my finger positions are right, I hear it is hard to unlearn bad habits.”

Guitars and their cases seemed to have personalities, too. Of course, some guitar straps were brightly colored, some were wide, some always needing adjustment. None of the guitars were “just brown” when compared with others around the room. My guitar is a Fender that a former graduate student suggested I buy about five years ago. It is slightly burgundy or mahogany, and was dusty when I caught it out again last summer.  The instructor said he know owns three guitar—two acoustic and one electric. The one he used in class was tanner than mine and seemed to have a deeper sound. Two classmates had cloth cases instead of the traditional machine gun cases.

The student feeling was evident around the room. Too little interaction and too much fidgeting with notebooks and picks raised doubts that this group was all that happy to be there.  One of the women told the class the first night that she just wanted to be able to play “Silent Night” for her kids in time for Christmas.  I overheard the other woman tell the instructor after the second class “I didn’t understand anything we did last week.”  The instructor did not change anything so maybe he didn’t hear her, although he can hear the difference between an F sharp and a G.

Another student, a retired gentleman, quit playing his guitar in class after week three. He did nothing the last class. Absolutely nothing. His guitar lay on the table in front of him and he did nothing. He must have had Spanish, econometrics, and calculus too. The last night he left immediately after class without even acknowledging the instructor. Ouch.

My long-term goal is to play a baby version of  “Amazing Grace” and “Michael, Row the Boat Ashore” and to be able to strum along with Simon and Garfunkel in the privacy of my own home. I have already done much better than the first guitar class I took about five years ago when that instructor thought he could teach guitar and banjo at the same time. One night he asked if any guitars needed tuning, so I handed him my guitar believing I had it tuned and he replied “Oh, my” after strumming it once. I thought I wanted to learn the guitar but I wasn’t into that class with my son in Iraq and all.  I had to hurry to class from my office and was often the last one there and squeezed into the back corner.  It was January and my hands were often still cold half way though class.

Music teachers, perhaps more than other teachers, often project a sternness suggesting they think their students are all prodigies who aspire to be world class. They seem to take the lack of practice and progress personally.  It is hard to imagine a yoga instructor suggesting you don’t come back until you can hold the Warrior II pose a bit longer and steadier.  Teaching really isn’t about the teacher’s performance skills; it’s about understanding the progression of human development.

The guitar looks deceptively simple, having only six strings. Back in college in the 1970s lots of guys could play, and a few were talented on the piano, too. Sometimes they talked about strumming patterns but some guys used it as a prop while singing Beatles tunes and folk songs. Just six strings with two hands working together.  But there are 20 frets—so that’s 120 places to make a note, and a mistake.  Just a three note chord could be made 120 raised to the third power different ways. And then there are quarter notes and half notes and rests and an infinite number of tunings and fingering patterns. Maybe I should have taken drum lessons.

After three weeks of guitar class I decided I was going to learn, to the best of my limited ability, to play the six different scales the instructor told us about. After days of trying to follow his notes, I remembered how to learn, how to teach myself: I remembered to make the material my own. I re-wrote the scales my way, marking some particular notes I had trouble with, and comparing the different scales. For the first time I saw that there was a simple pattern to each scale. Far less than the 120 notes raised to the third power, most scales were anchored on the same two or three frets on each of the six strings. Sometimes I had only had 12 notes to remember—and then I only needed to play one note at a time. Just a one note at a time, although it might be awfully quick and involve four fingers.  I just didn’t see it that way when I was on the verge of the student feeling.

I was seeking the simplicity of “Home on the Range” while the instructor told us about power chords, “hammering on,” “pulling off” and of famous riffs like “Smoke on the Water” and “Hotel California.”  I feared that student feeling when I tuned him out when he mentioned “seventh chords,” figuring I just didn’t need to know about them right then. I remember wondering if he knew that I was at least 500 miles away. Several weeks later when I noticed a G7 in a Dylan song, I scheduled a private lesson to learn the differences among major, minor, and seventh chords. Realizing the only difference is the G7 has an F rather than a G on the sixth string brought back memories of making peace with the quadratic equation.  I just wasn’t ready for the G7 or that equation earlier.

One night the instructor asked if anyone liked Deep Purple’s “Smoke on the Water.” I think every hand, but mine, went up. I expected to be lost.  As soon as he played it, however, I immediately recognized it. It is considered one of the top guitar riffs and is supposedly easy to learn since a simple version only has four notes on the top string (E)—an open note, the 3rd fret, the fifth fret, and the sixth fret. The instructor passed out a simple version that even I could follow.  The next day, I played these four notes until my fingers burned and my shoulders cramped. I googled “Smoke and the Water” and learned it was written with equipment borrowed from the Rolling Stones.  I read the lyrics and chords, and listened to it on my laptop.  I was as excited as in sixth grader playing with a new puppy while procrastinating doing his arithmetic homework.  I messed around and played the same four notes on each string and at different locations. Yes, I could hear different tones. After a few days, I could play the four notes over-and-over in a way that would be recognizable to a listener.

A few classes later, I asked the instructor for a more complex version of “Smoke on the Water” and he replied “just play each of the four notes as an F shaped power chord.” I felt that student feeling stirring. I flashbacked to college calculus when the math professor told me “just use the chain rule to differentiate that equation—it is a lot cleaner.” I then remembered when a timid student asked me about the difference between “national” and “federal” and I told her to go read Federalist Paper #46.

A few weeks after the last class, I made an appointment with the instructor and asked him again for a more complex version of “Smoke on the Water.” This time he said “Oh, let me write down the notes in tablature.”  He picked up his guitar, checked a few notes, and wrote them down on official music paper. I’ve been practicing them for weeks.

I now have callouses on my left-hand finger tips and can play simple G, D, and C chords with about 90 percent effectiveness, although I usually have trouble holding down the bottom E string for the D chord. Bar chords like an F note require particular finger strength that I am unlikely to perfect at this age. I can live with that although it seemed to bug the instructor.

Because of this guitar class I have borrowed George Harrison, Bob Dylan, and, of course, Springsteen DVDs from the library and studied their finger movements and strumming.  I accessed lyrics and scores and found guitar tips and lessons on the internet.

The week before the last class I practiced every day and was very pleased I could locate key notes along each string and play the G major scale rather smoothly. I smiled and laughed to myself as I experienced my fourth finger moving down the D string with grace it had not had before. Playing the G major scale backwards may take another 2-3 weeks although “Amazing Grace” is coming along fine.

An hour before that last class, immediately before I packed my guitar carefully in its traveling case, I reviewed the notes on each string one more time.  I ensured I could transition from a B chord to C and E to F. I was eager for class.  Within a few minutes in class, however, I was fighting that student feeling. Despite being an independent adult, a professor, taking this class as a hobby, I wondered why I had registered for this course.  The instructor overloaded us once again with review after seemingly endless review of the six different scales. For variety, he wanted to mix them up so instead of just doing G major scales, we tried A, B, D and F major scales as well.  After each scale, his query “Any questions?” earned no response.  I was stressed with that student feeling. My mastery of the G major scale quickly disappeared.  While I was able to “cope” and pulled several useful points from the session, it was a lot less enjoyable and much less proficient than was possible.   I started wondering what ever happened to Nate from my political science class last semester who could not grasp the difference between “checks and balances” and “federalism.”  I guess I shouldn’t have kept asking him “do you have any questions?”

Playing in class is different than practicing at home. Just the distraction of six classmates, all strangers playing up-and-down their frets, in a sterile cold classroom can be taxing. And there is a teacher there. Even when you know no one cares enough to be watching you, it feels like everyone is. It’s the student feeling.   It is the difference between running five miles by yourself and playing on a soccer team the first time—your chest is tight, you forget where to go, and you worry about not looking foolish. Even when everyone is focused on playing, I feel the pressure of other’s eyes. Even when most students were lost in Spanish, econometrics, and calculus, I cared more about other’s views of us than in learning about tenses, probability, or asymptotic limits.

Guitar playing is different than music theory dissertating.  Guitar playing is a skill like writing, bike riding, or campaign planning. Knowing the rules of grammar, reciting the principles of physics, and recalling the fine points of campaign law are useful, and impressive, but not all that helpful in writing a speech, getting your lawnmower to work, or getting elected to office. Doing without knowing is reckless; knowing without doing is empty knowledge.

A little bit of practice made a big difference by increasing finger dexterity and endurance.  Increased familiarity brought insights about similarities of songs. Often what looked like a complicated finger pattern of a chord was practically the same chord I already knew but the different finger pattern makes it easier to play. After weeks of plucking around with the more advanced version of “Smoke on the Water” I recognized that the first note is an E minor, hence, it is in the scale of E minor just like the instructor had said a dozen times. I know he said it, and would have repeated it if we had a test, but I didn’t really understand. I didn’t know it until I played it.

After explaining to me once again that tablature goes from higher notes to lower notes, while the instructor might think “how can this guy be a college professor?” I just tried  once again and quietly smile knowing that I almost have this present hurdle figured out. Twenty year ago I would have thought “I would like to hear him explain federalism or recount the history of public education or build a deck on his house.” A decade ago I would have thought “I hope I see you around town in a couple years and hear how well you are juggling your music with raising a two year old while earning that degree in music education.”  Now, I quietly smile, and sort of giggle that I get a thrill out of picking “When the Saints Come Marching In.”

In a little less than four months, I’ve done rather well on the guitar, certainly better than I did in Spanish, calculus, and econometrics. I can play several scales and still get a kick out of trying to improve “Smoke on the Water.” I can hear the difference between an E and an E minor. I have compared the chords and tablature for at least six Christmas carols and a dozen Pete Seeger songs. One night after googling “how to change guitar strings” I ended up searching for Springsteen’s “Born to Run.”

Once again I’ve learned that learning comes in bits and pieces with a little improvement here and there.  Just as I coped with turning fractions into decimals for months that one winter of fourth grade, I have re-learned  a dozen times that chord combinations are not as different as the fingering positions it takes to play them. The difference between most three-note major chords and their minor companion is usually just one interval on one string. Each time I think “isn’t that amazing” as if it is a new realization. Soon, supposedly, I won’t even notice it.

The instructor was a nice guy. He knew his stuff.  He should have a Ph.D. in guitar.  I appreciate that he showed me his electric guitar one afternoon. He clearly loves the material and loves playing the guitar. His pedagogy rested on distributing class notes that made sense to him but never asking if they made sense to us. I guess I seldom ask my students either.

Over the span of the class, I taught myself how to tune my guitar. Before each evening’s class, however, I asked the instructor to “check my tuning” even when I was pretty sure it was in tune.  I noticed that several other students followed suit.   It was not out of disrespect or laziness that I asked.  I just wanted to tell him” to slow down,” to say “hey, I am just a beginner, I don’t want that student feeling coming back.”

Trump’s Inaugural Speech

 I wrote this on January 21, 2017.

A Trump Resister or Trump Supporter I am not. Donald Trump is my president. I watched Trump’s Inauguration to appreciate the peaceful transfer of power and to listen to his inaugural address for clues of where we are headed. While not grand nor elegant, Trump rose to the occasion. He spoke to his image of Americans. He avoided talking about himself and articulated many of his campaign themes in a tight 16 minute presentation.

As a political moderate who has lived all my life along the I-70 corridor from Missouri to Pennsylvania, I have taken a “wait and see” approach to Trump’s presidency. My hometown in Western Pennsylvania is not the town it once was. The main street is largely boarded up, the high school is half the size, and steel industry is long gone. Drug use is reported to be high, the main bridge into town needs painting and repairs, Walmart, on the edge of town, seems the major attraction. It is the same story as many towns across Ohio, Indiana, and Missouri.

My hunch is that many of my high school friends voted for Donald Trump. I doubt they are racists and misogynists. Their ears heard his mention of “making America great again” and “getting our jobs back.” As the marches in Columbia and across America the day after the inauguration attest, many other ears heard heartlessness, dishonesty, and disrespect.

Trump’s speech reminded me of Ross Perot, independent presidential candidate in 1992, for his simple, practical common sense approach that is unlikely to work. The time is long gone, at least 25 years tardy, to just “Buy America.” Similarly, putting “America First” is not all the helpful. Subsidizing South Korea defense may sound like a giveaway but makes sense in light of North Korea. “Making America Great Again” and “America First” may be catchy slogans but are lose a lot of punch in a high tech global economy, created largely by the United States.

On the other hand, I tend to agree with Trump that there is a Washington Establishment that protects special defense, medical, trade, education loans, and transportation special interests. Republican and Democratic free trade agreements of the past 25 years have not helped my hometown and my more recent neighbors. Let’s see if Trump can do better.

Unfortunately, Trump ignored health care reform and fiscal responsibility in his speech. His State of the Union speech and budget message will be an opportunity to present a more detailed roadmap for dealing with two of the biggest contentious issues of the past two decades.

As expected, Trump did not mention any environmental issues probably because of the prevailing Republican denial of global climate change. Call it what you want, but several cities face rising coastlines and many states will face significant water quality and quantity problems within a decade or two. We have the lowest food prices in the world largely because of irrigation and migrant workers—Trump needs to protect both of them.

My hope for Trump supporters is that they think more carefully about the root cause of their economic problems. Their children’s, and now grandchildren’s, drug use in economically distressed areas is due to decades of decline. They are likely to miss what they call Obamacare.

My wish for Trump resisters is that they register to vote, join a local organization, contribute at least $50 to a cause, and focus their interests and energy on a single issue or two. The Tea Party, which appears to be the model, had it far easier in that they had the federal deficit as a focus, were not as diverse, and persisted in interrupting events they did not like.

Trump has mentioned urban redevelopment and infrastructure investment as two ways to increase opportunity. Most Americans agree with these general ideas. Focused political protest should demand the equivalent of a “Trump Hotel” of infrastructure reinvestment in every blighted downtown. Trump does not appear to have the personal discipline or the historical knowledge to curb his worse impulses. In that sense, he may be more like former presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon than our more recent presidents.

Congressional Republicans now have the responsibility to be effective checks and balances pursuing the national interest rather than a rubber stamp for political expediency. We are at a critical juncture. Baby boomers are retiring after having had greater economic prospects than their children have, our information sources are not trusted, our governmental institutions are poorly thought of, and the world is just too big and too complex for any of us to comprehend. Now fake news, and poorly performing conventional media, will make truth-telling and fact-finding all the more difficult. Maintaining our democracy requires our vigilance.